Somik's Home

Server admins cheat codes

So you want to use a linux server on local network. Great, but if you still have to access the files through ssh or ftp, it is troublesome. So why not access the files over samba network share? It is also great when you want to setup a simple NAS server on your local network.

As always, first step, update server and install samba:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt install samba

Now we need to add a linux user who will hold the credentials. In this case, we’ll add a user “somik” so remember to change it to what you need:

sudo adduser somik

You should see something similar to this. Enter password any details you want to. Only password is required:

Adding user `somik' ...
Adding new group `somik' (1001) ...
Adding new user `somik' (1001) with group `somik' ...
Creating home directory `/home/somik' ...
Copying files from `/etc/skel' ...
Enter new UNIX password:
Retype new UNIX password:
passwd: password updated successfully
Changing the user information for somik
Enter the new value, or press ENTER for the default
        Full Name []:
        Room Number []:
        Work Phone []:
        Home Phone []:
        Other []:
Is the information correct? [Y/n] Y

Once done, add the user we added above to Samba, then enter password when asked to:

sudo smbpasswd -a somik

Now edit the samba config file:

sudo nano /etc/samba/smb.conf

Take note of the following:

workgroup = WORKGROUP

And append this at the bottom of the file, where “DocuRoot” is the display name of the shared folder, “/var/www/html” is the folder we want to share (can be different in your case, just create it beforehand), and “www-data” is the user and group of the folder.

	delete readonly = yes
	writable = yes
	path = /var/www/html
	force directory mode = 755
	force group = www-data
	force create mode = 644
	force user = www-data
	comment = DocuRoot
	create mode = 0644
	public = no
	guest ok = no
	browsable = yes
	directory mode = 0755
	veto files = /._*/.DS_Store/
	delete veto files = yes

And test your samba config file with

 sudo testparm

If no errors, start up your samba server and enable it on boot. Then just access it like any network share from your computer.

sudo systemctl enable smbd nmbd
sudo systemctl start smbd nmbd

© Beli. All Rights Reserved.